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Interest Rate vs. House Price: Are They Related? Which Matters More?

TLDR

What You Need To Know

  • There’s generally an inverse relationship between mortgage interest rates and the housing market
  • Rate hikes can significantly impact monthly payment affordability, even if the increase is only a difference of a couple of points
  • Getting into the market while home prices aren’t at an all-time high is beneficial, since there’s more room to build equity over time

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In life, few things are more exciting than buying your own home. The pride of homeownership is something most Americans strive for at some point in their lives. If you’re starting to explore houses on the market, there are two key factors you’ll want to keep in mind as a prospective home buyer: home prices and interest rates. 

But when it comes to interest rate versus house price, is one more important than the other for buying a house? Let’s take a closer look at how these two are related and what you should consider before getting too far into your home buying journey. 

The Correlation Between House Prices and Interest Rates

There’s generally an inverse relationship between mortgage interest rates and the housing market. When mortgage rates are low, the price of real estate typically goes up. When rates go up, home prices tend to fall. 

Mortgage interest rates are directly impacted by the federal funds target rate set by the Fed. The federal funds rate is set by the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) based on the current economic climate. The FOMC will hike the target rate in an attempt to cool inflation or slash it to stimulate economic growth. 

During the pandemic, interest rates dropped to historic lows, which also preceded rapidly rising home prices. Although rates have risen substantially since the start of the pandemic, compared to historical averages, we’re still at a reasonable place. You can see examples of historical mortgage rates and median sales prices below.

Select a tab to see related data:
  • Average Annual Interest Rate
  • Median Sales Price
Average Annual Interest Rate Median Sales Price
June 1972 7.37[1] $26,800[2]
June 1982 16.70[1] $69,600[2]
June 1992 8.51[1] $120,000[2]
June 2002 6.65[1] $187,200[2]
June 2012 3.68[1] $238,700[2]
June 2022 5.52[1] $449,300[2]

How House Prices and Mortgage Rates Affect Buyers

Current market rates and house prices may impact your buying decisions. After all, you’ll have to consider how these factors will affect both your down payment and monthly payment. 

Making a down payment

To avoid private mortgage insurance (PMI), lenders require a 20% down payment. Though low interest rates are attractive, the price of the home you want to buy will likely be higher. 

For example, let’s say in 2021 – when interest rates were very low – you qualified to buy a $500,000 house you fell in love with. To avoid PMI, you would’ve been required to put down $100,000. 

Let’s also pretend that home now costs $400,000 at the end of 2022, after interest rates steadily increased. Though your rate would be higher, you’d only need $80,000 as a 20% down payment.

Simply put, home prices directly affect how much you need for a down payment

Your monthly payment

Rate hikes can significantly impact monthly payment affordability, even if the increase is only a difference of a couple of points.

To demonstrate the impact higher interest rates can have, let’s look at a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage on a $300,000 home. With 20% down and a 3% interest rate – not including property taxes or insurance – the monthly mortgage payment is $1,012.

That same $300,000 home at a 5% interest rate would be $1,288 per month. Over 30 years, the mortgage with a 5% interest rate would cost you $99,360 more. 

You can crunch the numbers yourself with a mortgage calculator.

Interest Rate vs. House Price: Which Matters More?

There’s no magic answer when it comes to choosing the right time to buy. 

For some borrowers, the lowest possible down payment is top priority. For others, the monthly mortgage payment is a more important factor. Regardless of the current housing market and interest rates, the best time to buy is when you can afford it. 

You can ask yourself a few questions to help make the decision. 

Questions to ask yourself

Going into 2023, there’s some uncertainty about where the economy is headed. Housing prices have started to come down as mortgage rates have increased, and many experts believe the market will stabilize. 

Though it would be nice to purchase a home with a lower interest rate, current rates are at relatively average levels. Getting into the market while home prices aren’t at an all-time high is beneficial, since there’s more room to build equity over time. 

Only Buy When You’re Ready

The real estate market can be difficult for first-time home buyers – or any homeowner – to navigate. Don’t let higher mortgage rates crush your dreams of homeownership. Whether you want to wait for a different market or get started ASAP, the best time to buy is when you’re ready!

  1. Freddie Mac. “30-Year Fixed Rate Mortgages Since 1971.” Retrieved December 2022 from https://www.freddiemac.com/pmms/pmms30

  2. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. “Median Sales Price of Houses Sold for the United States.” Retrieved December 2022 from https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/MSPUS

ICYMI

In Case You Missed It

  1. When mortgage rates are low, the price of real estate typically goes up

  2. When interest rates go up, home prices tend to fall

  3. The best time to buy is when you’re ready

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